Colonized definition in spanish
Western colonialisma political-economic phenomenon whereby various European nations explored, conquered, settled, and exploited large areas of the world. With these events sea power shifted from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic and to the emerging nation-states of Portugal, Spainthe Dutch RepublicFranceand England.
By discovery, conquest, and settlement, these nations expanded and colonized throughout the world, spreading European institutions and culture. Medieval Europe was largely self-contained until the First Crusade —99which opened new political and commercial communications with the Muslim Near East. Although Christian crusading states founded in Palestine and Syria proved ephemeralcommercial relations continued, and the European end of this trade fell largely into the hands of Italian cities.
Competition between Mediterranean nations for control of Asiatic commerce gradually narrowed to a contest between Venice and Genoa, with the former winning when it severely defeated its rival city in ; thereafter, in partnership with Egypt, Venice principally dominated the Oriental trade coming via the Indian Ocean and Red Sea to Alexandria.
Overland routes were not wholly closed, but the conquests of the central Asian warrior Timur Tamerlane —whose empire broke into warring fragments after his death in —and the advantages of a nearly continuous sea voyage from the Middle and Far East to the Mediterranean gave Venice a virtual monopoly of some Oriental products, principally spices.
The word spices then had a loose application and extended to many Oriental luxuries, but the most valuable European imports were pepper, nutmeg, cloves, and cinnamon. The fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in did not seriously affect Venetian control. Although other Europeans resented this dominance of the trade, even the Portuguese discovery and exploitation of the Cape of Good Hope route could not altogether break it.
Early Renaissance Europe was short of cash money, though it had substantial banks in northern Italy and southern Germany. Florence possessed aggregations of capital, and its Bardi bank in the 14th century and the Medici successor in the 15th financed much of the eastern Mediterranean trade.
Later, during the great discoveries, the Augsburg houses of Fugger and Welser furnished capital for voyages and New World enterprises. When Prince Henry the Navigator undertook sponsorship of Portuguese discovery voyages down the west coast of Africa, a principal motive was to find the mouth of a river to be ascended to these mines.
Europe had made some progress in discovery before the main age of exploration.
The discoveries of the Madeira Islands and the Azores in the 14th century by Genoese seamen could not be followed up immediately, however, because they had been made in galleys built for the Mediterranean and ill suited to ocean travel; the numerous rowers that they required and their lack of substantial holds left only limited room for provisions and cargo. In the early 15th century all-sails vesselsthe caravelslargely superseded galleys for Atlantic travel; these were light ships, having usually two but sometimes three masts, ordinarily equipped with lateen sails but occasionally square-rigged.
When longer voyages began, the nao, or carrackproved better than the caravel; it had three masts and square rigging and was a rounder, heavier ship, more fitted to cope with ocean winds.
Navigational instruments were improved. The compassprobably imported in primitive form from the Orient, was gradually developed until, by the 15th century, European pilots were using an iron pin that pivoted in a round box.How is colon cancer diagnosed?
Are there any people who have had their colons removed successfullly? What other treatment options are there and how successful are they? Is colon cancer hereditary? My uncle died of colon cancer and as I've been having some unexplained problems these days- of vomiting etc I'm really afraid I may have it as well. Is it hereditary? What are the first symptoms? Thank you Bianca for your answers! Related to Colonized: colonise. Colonized This occurs when a microorganism is found on or in a person without causing a disease.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved. This content is provided by iMedix and is subject to iMedix Terms. The Questions and Answers are not endorsed or recommended and are made available by patients, not doctors. Mentioned in? Alcaligenes faecalis Alcaligenes xylosoxidans Alternaria alveolar echinococcosis amphibian arginine catabolic mobile element, ACME aspergilloma aspergillosis aspiration pneumonia Azactam B virus bacteremia bacterial infection bacterial virus basal like breast carcinoma bot botulism Brachyspira Brachyspira pilosicoli.
References in periodicals archive? The prime minister seems to have strung an otherwise deep chord deep within many hearts when he accused the critics of his economic uplift plan by using the word ' colonized mind' in the text of his Twitter message. AD severity linked to S. Thus, colonization studies are deemed important not only because they demonstrate the predisposition towards developing invasive infections in colonized patients, but also because they show how the monitoring of colonization and the pressure thereby exerted can serve as a strategy to institute infection control measures.
Enterococcus spp. These colonial invasive powers also brought with them various diseases which wiped out great numbers of the population in the colonized world.
Former Spanish Colonies of the World
In addition, we did not observe any differences in clinical endpoints over 2 years when we compared patients who were chronically colonized with P. In their view, world Christianity is in need of a new postcolonial landscape in which colonizing missionaries and the colonized local people should "see each other as learners and educators who are willing to teach and to be taught" Like other superpower nations in history, Spain once traveled the oceans looking for countries to occupy and control in the name of wealth, prosperity, and world domination.
During the 15th and 16th centuries, Spain led Europe as a global explorer and a colonial force expanding its power worldwide, beginning with Christopher Columbus' voyage to the Americas in From this time up until the early 19th century, this nation held colonies in Europe, the Americas, Asia, and Africa.
These were geographic locations with bountiful natural resources and strategic ports on popular trade routes. To this day, Spain still holds territories abroad in places like Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa, but many of its previous colonies have been lost in the wars of history.
In fact, Spain held 35 colonies at various points in history, exacting its power so widely it was called "the empire on which the sun never sets," an expression that also began to be used in reference to Great Britain when the latter's prominence overcame Spain's. Many of Spain's former colonies still use Spanish as an official language to this day with numerous different Spanish dialects spoken around the world, but this is not true of all former colonies.
Jamaica, the Philippines, Belize and Trinidad and Tobago are former colonies where Spanish is not an official language. Here is a quick look. Mexico is now a thriving country in North America with its own culture, cuisine, music, and flare. The nation was once dominated by Indigenous groups including the Mayans, the Aztecsand the Toltecs at various points in history before Columbus arrived on the continent. The imprint of Spain has been long-lasting in Mexico. While the presence of Indigenous cultures can be felt, the people speak Spanish as a dominant language, and the majority have now adopted the European religion of Catholicism.
Spanish architecture is also widespread throughout the country. The first Europeans to come to California after the Indigenous Americans had already been there for thousands of years was Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo and his crew. In Mexico gained its independence from Spain and Alta California was then no longer a Spanish colony but rather became a Mexican province. At this time, ranchers and trappers began filling this new territory. In Juneconflict arose when American settlers decided to occupy Sonoma Plaza, and raise the bear flag.
Within a month, the US occupied the new republic, thus ending the revolt. A couple of years later in gold was discovered in California and Americans rushed to claim it. InCalifornia became a US state. Spain colonized the Philippines in the late s. This colonization lasted for three hundred years up until when Filipino rebels along with US troops fought off the Spanish, and declared the Philippines to be an independent nation.
Unfortunately, this freedom did not last for long and the Americans took over, sneakily annexing the Philippines while devising a peace treaty with Spain. The Philippines gained their independence from the US in and is now a sovereign nation.
History is full of the chase for power and riches. Spain, alongside Portugal, France, the Dutch Republic, and England spread their dominance and culture throughout the world traveling by sea during the period of modern western colonization. Mexico, California, and the Philippines are just a few examples, as Spain colonized most of the Americas prolifically, and parts of Africa and Europe. Hundreds of years after their rule, the presence of the Spanish is still felt worldwide.Add colonization to one of your lists below, or create a new one.
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Tools to create your own word lists and quizzes.Beginning in with the first voyage of Christopher Columbus ? Spanish fleets returned from the New World with holds full of gold, silver, and precious gemstones while Spanish priests traveled the world to convert and save the souls of the native populations.
However, Spain's time of dominance was to be relatively short-lived; only two centuries later, Spain's European power was in decline, and a century after that, virtually all her colonies were in open revolt.
Much of the reason for this sequence of events, and for the subsequent history of former Spanish territories can be traced back to the reasons for and the nature of Spanish imperialism. For almost years, Arabs occupied and ruled the Iberian Peninsula. For over a century, a succession of Spanish rulers fought the Moors, gradually pushing them back and reestablishing Spain as a Christian nation.
"colonization" in Spanish
This goal was finally achieved inwhen the Moorish bastion of Granada finally surrendered after a decade of siege.
In that same year, Spain expelled thousands of Jews, a Spaniard was elected Pope, and another Spaniard published the first formal grammar of any European language. And Genoan navigator Christopher Columbus sailed on a voyage of discovery to find a more direct route to the Orient.
All of these factors turned out to have great importance for the next years of Spanish history, and for all subsequent Latin American history. Columbus returned to Spain, convinced he had succeeded in finding the Orient and not realizing his discovery was, instead, much greater. Within a few decades, Spain had explored most of South and Central Americaand had found the Americas to be rich with precious metals and stones. Meanwhile, Spanish priests discovered a new continent full of, in their opinion, savages whose souls needed to be saved.
History of the Philippines (1565–1898)
So Spain descended on the Americas with a cross in one hand and a gun in the other, determined to convert the natives while stripping their lands to fill the Spanish treasury. While this description may sound unnecessarily harsh, Spain's actions are understandable to some degree.
Spain had just emerged from centuries of domination by a foreign power and by their lights heathen religion. They earned their liberty by force of arms and, they believed, divine help. This belief seemed vindicated when a Spaniard became Pope in the very year the last Moors were defeated, cementing in the national consciousness the link between religion and military power.
This, plus Spain's late emergence from medieval feudalism, helped mold the national character that was to have such a profound influence in Spain's management of her overseas possessions. Spain's religious fervor was no less understandable than was her elevation of the military to a position of prominence in society.
Spain's recent emergence from seven centuries of Moorish rule had only served to emphasize to her the importance of the Christian Church this was before the Protestant Reformationand religious belief was an important fact of daily life.
Then, inMartin Luther tacked his famous 95 theses to the door of a church in Germany, launching the Reformation, which was to subject Europe to centuries of religious bloodshed as Protestants and Catholics battled for supremacy.
Against this backdrop, Spain's desire to spread the Catholic Church overseas is entirely understandable, especially given Protestant England's later colonization of North America. The Spanish did not treat their New World possessions kindly. The conquistadors came to conquer new territories for power and riches. They overthrew the Inca and the Aztecs, plus a host of less-advanced civilizations.
Spanish settlers came to make a fortune and return to Spain, not to stay in a new home. They felt that many chores were beneath their dignity, so they employed or enslaved the native populations to till the land, mine precious metals, and do the other menial work of empire.
In this, they were a microcosm of the Spanish government, and their colonial style was to have significant ramifications for both the Spanish colonies and for Spain herself. During the Age of Exploration and subsequent years, there were five major colonial powers: England, Spain, France, Portugal, and Holland. Each of these nations had a different motivation for establishing overseas colonies, and each treated her colonies differently.
Most of their former colonies still bear an unmistakable imprint of their colonial heritage, made of equal parts of the motivations of their parent country in establishing colonies and the manner in which they were treated before independence. In general, the Dutch came to trade, the Portuguese to explore and to trade, the English to expand, the French to counter English maneuvers, and the Spanish to get rich. Another generalization is that the English and French settlers came looking for freedom and opportunity in a new home, the Portuguese and Dutch settlers came to work what was, in effect, an "overseas assignment" before returning home again, and the Spanish came to take what they could to advance themselves, their families, their religion, and their nation.9am bst to english
During their centuries of domination, the Spanish colonies returned an incredible amount of wealth to Spain, making Spain one of the most powerful and most feared nations in Europe. However, this money was not used wisely, in part because Spain was not expecting it and her government was not ready for it, similar to how a child is not ready to inherit and manage a million dollars.
So Spain spent her wealth building up a large army and larger navy, waging wars, subduing a continent, and defending her colonies against opportunistic attack.
At the same time, Spain's European ambitions led to her dominating large sections of Europe, only to lose them in later years through war or political maneuvering.The Spanish colonial period in the Philippines was the period during which the Philippines were part of the Spanish Empire as the Captaincy General of the Philippines from to The islands were part of the larger Spanish East Indies.
Forty-four years after Ferdinand Magellan landed in the Philippines and died in the Battle of Mactan inthe Spanish explored and colonialized the islands, starting with the founding of Cebu by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi in Manila was made the capital of the Philippines in This was the time of the reign of King Philip II of Spainwhose name has remained attached to the country.
The Spanish colonial period ended with the Philippine Revolution and Spanish—American War inwhich marked the beginning of the American colonialization of the Philippines. The Spaniards started to explore the Philippines in the early 16th century when Ferdinand Magellan led a Spanish expedition to the Spice Islands and reached Cebu in Magellan made a blood compact with the local chieftain of Cebu, Rajah Humabon as a sign of friendship.
After Humabon converted to Catholicism and was baptized as Carloshe requested Magellan to subjugate his enemy Lapu-Laputhe chief of nearby Mactan Island.
In the ensuing Battle of MactanMagellan and other Spanish soldiers lost their lives, outnumbered by the Mactan tribesmen. The remaining Spanish forces were later betrayed by their ally, Humabon, and hastily continued their journey to the Spice Islands. This second part of expedition was led by commander Juan Sebastian Elcano who ultimately completed the world's first circumnavigation in Philip was in Brussels at the time and his return to Spain was delayed until because of European politics and wars in northern Europe.
Shortly after his return to Spain, Philip ordered an expedition to the Spice Islands, stating that its purpose was "to discover the islands of the west"  in order to set up an outpost in Asia and engage in the spice trade.
King Philip II of Spainwhose name has remained attached to the islands, ordered and oversaw the conquest and colonization of the Philippines.
The expedition arrived in Cebu on February 13,and annexed it with hardly any local opposition.Badanti per il week end
In Legazpi sent his grandson, Juan de Salcedowho had arrived from Mexico into Mindoro to punish the Muslim Moro pirates who had been plundering Panay villages. Salcedo also destroyed forts on the islands of Ilin and Lubangrespectively south and northwest of Mindoro.
Legazpi became the country's first governor-general in office: The archipelago was Spain's outpost in the orient and Manila became the capital of the entire Spanish East Indies.
Madrid administered the colony through the Viceroyalty of New Spain now Mexico until when Mexico achieved independence from Spain. After the colony was governed directly from Spain. During most of the Spanish colonial period the Philippine colonial economy depended on the Galleon Trade which was inaugurated [ by whom?
Manila became a major center of trade in Asia between the 17th and 18th centuries. The Asian goods, including silkporcelainspiceslacquerware and textile products, were then sent to Acapulco and from there to other parts of New SpainPeru and Europe.
The European population in the archipelago steadily grew although native Filipinos remained the majority.
During the initial period of colonialization, Manila was settled by Spanish families. In addition, men conscripted from Peruwere also sent to settle Zamboanga City in Mindanao, to wage war upon Muslim defenders  There were also communities of Spanish-Mestizos that developed in Iloilo Negros  and Vigan.Europe has a debt to pay, but more than that in the formally colonized countries, the debates have stopped.
The Gambia will never be a party to the so called Economic Partnership Agreement with the European Union as it is designed to continue the same exploitation and impoverishment of the African continent, we will rather die then be colonized twice. Every people deserves to conserve its identity without being ideologically colonized. The repeated requests for us to' wait,' and' wait,' and' wait' while our people are suffering, while our people are besieged, while our land is being colonizedand while the two-state solution is being destroyed and the prospects for peace are evaporating, must understand that such requests are not viable under these circumstances and are unsustainable.
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Webster Dictionary 1. How to pronounce colonized?Spanish Civil War breaks out
Alex US English. Daniel British. Karen Australian. Veena Indian. How to say colonized in sign language?
Examples of colonized in a Sentence Singer Dalmia : Europe has a debt to pay, but more than that in the formally colonized countries, the debates have stopped. Bala Garba : The Gambia will never be a party to the so called Economic Partnership Agreement with the European Union as it is designed to continue the same exploitation and impoverishment of the African continent, we will rather die then be colonized twice.
Pope Francis : Every people deserves to conserve its identity without being ideologically colonized. Riyad Mansour : The repeated requests for us to' wait,' and' wait,' and' wait' while our people are suffering, while our people are besieged, while our land is being colonizedand while the two-state solution is being destroyed and the prospects for peace are evaporating, must understand that such requests are not viable under these circumstances and are unsustainable.
Popularity rank by frequency of use colonized Select another language:. Discuss these colonized definitions with the community: 0 Comments. Notify me of new comments via email. Cancel Report. Create a new account. Log In. Powered by CITE.Antitoxin crossword clue 5 letters
Are we missing a good definition for colonized? Don't keep it to yourself Submit Definition. The ASL fingerspelling provided here is most commonly used for proper names of people and places; it is also used in some languages for concepts for which no sign is available at that moment. There are obviously specific signs for many words available in sign language that are more appropriate for daily usage. Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!
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